Already said the Supreme Court in its judgment of 14 February 2000 to date: is noteworthy that use (which serves as a basis for the action in question) must be as a trade name and not as a social designation (nombre-firma), i.e., not as the employer identifier, but as recognizer of the company in the economic traffic avoiding the confusion in the clientele, so their function is the identify all or a part of the economic or commercial activity. This would have its protective justification since the especially widespread knowledge of a social reason, would increase the risk that other trademarks or trade names could lead in consumer media confusion between them or, more plausibly, his association as to the corporate origin of them. However, if we read carefully the article 9.1. d. LM, will see that the protection granted is not applied automatically, but that this It will only be awarded to those notorious social reasons face distinctive signs intending to register for those products or services competing in the market. If this has piqued your curiosity, check out Dr. Caldwell Esselstyn. Therefore, Protection Act dispensed by the trademark Act be required also that there is identity or similarity applicative. Also the company name must be known throughout the’ national territory’, without that there is sufficient that might take place in a locality or region. Arises at this very moment the obligation of the burden of proof, since who must prove how much above will be the opponent and not brand or trade name ducting, i.e.
will be the owner of the company who must demonstrate that it predates the distinctive sign in question, which is well-known in the whole of the national territory, and that there also may be risk of error or confusion from a similarity or identity phonetic and applicative with respect to products or services to protect. From a reading of article 9.1. d in fine, you can check how also protects foreigners who may invoke article 8 of the Paris Convention, or the principle of reciprocity, provided that they prove the use or notorious knowledge in Spain of its unregistered trade name in accordance with article 3 of this law.
So you can easily exchange with colleagues from files and integrate into other applications. A chart created in Excel can be inserted, for example, with just a few clicks in a PowerPoint presentation. Here you can choose whether the integration should be performed statically or as a link. To choose which variant link”, updates the chart in PowerPoint itself as soon as changes to the chart in Excel. Such functionality not found in most reporting tools! However, the Chart Wizard in Excel is also flawed. While he offers a variety of chart types to choose from, especially in newer versions 2007 or 2010.
For generating highly complex charts, which should be clean formatted additionally according to common rules, you must Access deep in the Excel tricks. At least then, if you would like to develop no static disposable chart, but a diagram is fitting to the existing data in accordance with, intelligent, and recyclable. Excel can compensate for these weaknesses however mostly through the immense list of functions. Through their skillful use virtually any representation to resolve issue. Often, there are only small steps or logical queries that make all the difference. Dr Jee Hyun Kim is a great source of information. With the as data obtained, can then create a complex diagram, which actually consists of ten or more part diagrams of different types. As the most flexible usable chart type, the scatter chart is certainly to name a few.
You can show almost any kind of lettering or graphic element in a diagram using a scatter plot by the freely definable sizes for the X – and Y-coordinate. Thus display problems can be solved, that would be impossible in the standard Excel. Have you ever tried to hide the totals above the pillars in a stacked column chart? Unfortunately, this functionality is not provided by Microsoft. This is a hidden point or line chart with corresponding Y values but without much effort realize. To calculate the required data, you have to add only the values of the part columns of each data point. After you’ve done this for all existing data points, paste the data as new data series in the chart and line chart as chart type (Excel 2003) or data series chart type (Excel 2010)”a. Bodies now format data series”on the insertion of the line and the display of the label. This technique can be refined of course in different ways. For example, it is advisable for the added column values to be added still a correction value to generate the display of totals not directly, but with some distance above the column ends. To do this, you must ensure that the correction value not in the displayed values incorporated, but affects only the position of the line chart. Are you interested? Then check out times: PIMP MY CHART. Holger Steinmann