In the Romance of Frankenstein, author Mary Shelley makes a critical feminist against the existence of a feminine nature that is forcene, because the protagonist Victor takes for itself the divine task to create the life, having taken this masculine creation exclusively, it a man, giving the existence to another creature, also for being seen in the roles played for the women in the romance as accompanying passive the Elizabeth Lavenza, the deditosa fianc of Victor, that only makes to wait for the tragic destination that it hugs, or Caroline Beaufort, the mother of Victor, that she dies to be to risk deliberately, treating the smallpox contracted for Elizabeth. All incarnate, thus, an idea of woman total self-sacrificing and autosacrificada. The women, on the other hand, are all confined to the home, owners of house, as Elizabeth and Caroline, who also play the nurse role, or house servants as Justine. What the creation of a life despertou in Victor was when it came across itself with the death and in this context of the women so they are overwhelmd, it he saw limitation of the women through the death, then it perceived that only a man could decide this question of the end of this death and transform it while still alive forever. The men had a very important paper in the society, were employee of the government, as the father of Victor, scientist as proper Victor, then the men had the power then because not to also have the power on the death, being that the women gave the life through the birth but did not have the power of ilimitar it. With this sphere of compatibility of social values, Victor does not obtain to work and to love at the same time and if he refuses to have an affectionate relation with its work, in special with its creation, therefore the creation tipificava the women. In history it had death of many women, Justine that is hanged, accused unjustly to have killed William, brother of Victor, in the reality the first victim of the vingativa fury of the creature and Elizabeth, that in the night of nuptials is deceased for the monster. Victor, denies the monster the possibility of the company of the feminine sex of its species, but it starts to construct, but he from fear destroys to spread on the land a race of demons.
When Victor was in the creation of the monster, it transmitted frieza in its action, attributing objetividade, reasoning and the mind, characteristic of the man and the subjectivity, emotion are the feminine nature. Mary Shelley that at the time of the elaboration of its masterpiece counted only 18 years, lived in the period of the romantismo, therefore its ideals were romantic that it saw the nature as a creative mother, an alive organism or ecological community in which the beings livings creature interact in mutual dependence, but the Iluminismo had marked strong presence, the scientific ideals of the time was incased perfectly in the iluministas ideas of the man as controlling of the nature, total opposing to the romantic paradigm and this was reason of intrigues for Mary. The masterpiece of Mary condemns the egoism and the ambition of the masculine sphere of action. Mary Shelley of certain form anticipates one criticizes that it would only come to be explicitada more than a century and way after the publication of Frankenstein for theoretical feminists. Bibliography: – Research in the Internet History, Sciences, Health Print version ISSN 0104-5970 History science greets-Manguinhos vol.8 in the,1 Rio De Janeiro Sea. /June 2001