Of all malignant neoplasms in the proportion of upper respiratory tract accounted for 23% of men – 40%, with predominant laryngeal cancer. 65% of all tumors of upper respiratory tract revealed in disrepair. 40% of patients die without having lived, and 1 year after diagnosis. In patients with laryngeal cancer was misdiagnosed in 34%, throat cancer – 55%. In patients with localized tumors in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses misdiagnosis is 74% of cases. Thus, it can be conclusion, as must be large oncological alertness, especially in ent practice.
Neoplasm of the nasopharynx. Benign tumors – warts, localized, usually on the back surface of the soft palate, at least on the side and rear walls of the nasopharynx. Treatment – surgical. Juvenile angiofibroma. Located in the arch of the nasopharynx. Through hoany often penetrates into the nasal cavity. If you have additional questions, you may want to visit John Craig Venter. Consists of connective tissue and blood vessels.
Has a rapid growth. Malignant tumors. Are more common in men older than 40 years. Accompanied by a diagnosis of sinusitis is why very often . Appear bloody discharge from the nose, the closed nature of the nasal, the process usually one-sided. For surgical treatment of access there is little, therefore, applied radiotherapy. Neoplasm of the oropharynx. Benign. Include papilloma, hemangioma. Malignant. Mostly cancer. Secrete differentiated radioresistant tumors occur at a young age and rapid detey.Rost quickly ulcerate, often metastasize. The clinic depends on oishodnoy tumor. By the symptoms connects cachexia as disturbed swallowing. Treatment: in benign processes – an operation that can be performed through the mouth or subhyoid pharyngotomy. In the case of malignant tumors – radiation therapy + surgery. Before the surgery required tracheotomy and ligation of the external carotid artery on the affected side. Neoplasm of hypopharynx. Laryngopharyngeal cancer usually develops in the piriform sinus, less frequently on back and pozadiperstnevidnoy area. The most typical form of exophytic growth. Complaints: In the early stages of dysphagia, if the tumor is located at the entrance of the esophagus and difficulty breathing when locating the entrance to the larynx. In further align the pain, hoarseness, coughing up blood, a foul odor. As surgical treatment and radiotherapy is ineffective. Operation – laryngectomy with sleeve resection of the cervical esophagus + resection of the trachea. Formed farnigostoma, orostoma, esophagostomy, tracheostomy. If possible, continue to pursue plastic ways.